Fraction Strips

Printables Interactive

What are Fraction Strips?

Fraction strips are mathematical tools used to teach the concept of fractions visually. They are simply rectangular bars, or ‘strips’, that represent a whole or parts of a whole. Each strip is divided into equal parts to represent fractions. For instance, one strip may be undivided to represent the whole (1), while other strips might be divided into halves (1/2), thirds (1/3), fourths (1/4), and so forth.

How are Fraction Strips Used?

Fraction strips can be used in a number of ways to teach different aspects of fractions. Here are a few examples:

  • Understanding Fraction Sizes: By comparing one fraction strip with another, students can visually see which fractions are larger or smaller. For example, it becomes clear that 1/2 is larger than 1/4 when you compare the corresponding fraction strips.
  • Equivalent Fractions: Fraction strips can effectively demonstrate the concept of equivalent fractions. For instance, two 1/4 strips can be compared to a 1/2 strip to show that 1/4 + 1/4 equals 1/2.
  • Adding and Subtracting Fractions: Students can use fraction strips to add or subtract fractions. They simply line up the strips that represent the fractions they are adding or subtracting.

The Benefits of Using Fraction Strips

Fraction strips offer numerous benefits for teaching and learning fractions:

  • Visual Learning: Fraction strips provide a visual representation of fractions, making the abstract concept more concrete. This can be particularly beneficial for visual learners.
  • Active Learning: Manipulating fraction strips makes learning more hands-on and interactive, which can boost engagement and retention.
  • Building Confidence: By making fractions easy to understand, fraction strips can help build students’ confidence in their math abilities.


Class Playground printables are free to share, download, and print (with attribution and without alteration).


Activities designed for elementary aged students.